This project has been funded with support from the European Union. This website and all its content reflect the views only of the author,

and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. Agreement no: 2014-1-FI01-KA204-00088

A narrative and story approach to empower cooperation, cohesion and change in communities through non-formal education.

Raising Strong and Resilient Communities

Raising Strong and Resilient Communities

Resumen del Proyecto

 

Introducción

El panorama económico y social está cambiando, globalmente y en Europa. Las comunidades están en transición, y no sólo por la migración. Los ciudadanos son impulsados a ser cada vez más autosuficientes, así como a “participar” y a afrontar responsabilidades por sí mismos.

En tiempos inestables a nivel económico y social, estos cambios y retos no son fáciles de aceptar y de gestionar. En líneas generales, los ciudadanos de los estados del bienestar ya no están acostumbrados a dichos retos y cambios, se han convertido en seres pasivos y prefieren mantenerse al margen.

La cohesión social se ve desafiada, lo que afecta al sentimiento de pertenencia, cooperación y comunicación; las comunidades se dejan llevar por los discursos sociales negativos, y esto las hace vulnerables.

La gente quiere que esta situación cambie, pero a pesar de ello, tienden a resistirse al cambio.

 

El cambio

Probablemente ya nos hayamos formado una imagen mental y una opinión de la comunidad a la que pertenecemos, incluso nos habremos dado cuenta de que existen ciertos problemas que necesitan ser solucionados. La razón de ello es porque simplemente “nos preocupa”, o porque alguien nos ha pedido consejo, orientación o apoyo, o bien porque estamos comprometidos e implicados de una manera u otra con dicha comunidad. Queremos que ésta vaya a mejor.

Este tipo de cambio rara vez es repentino, sino que es un proceso gradual de decisiones y acciones. Los cambios reales y duraderos solo ocurren cuando las personas se muestran comprometidas en cuerpo y alma, siendo capaces de re-imaginar las posibilidades que se presentan en la comunidad, cambiar su comportamiento y actuar consecuentemente.

 

Trabajando con historias

¿Cómo se puede educar a las comunidades para que éstas sean sostenibles y flexibles?

Existe una herramienta de comunicación inspiradora y efectiva para superar la laguna entre diferentes generaciones y culturas, entre pasividad y acción, entre interés particular y colaboración, entre acusación y diálogo: recibe el nombre de “Storytelling” y consiste en trabajar “con” y “en” historias. De esta manera, los métodos y enfoques narrativos deben ser usados en educación no-formal de adultos como herramientas que ayuden a que este cambio ocurra.

El éxito de estas iniciativas depende de factores como la confianza, compartir emociones, reconocer y aceptar las diferencias, así como aprovechar las similitudes. Teniendo la cohesión y el progreso como objetivos, el Storytelling y los enfoques narrativos facilitan las herramientas y crean compromiso y entendimiento. Las “buenas historias” – historias de valores compartidos, planes conjuntos y más igualdad - nos dan los mejores ejemplos de todo ello.

 

Objetivos y metas del Proyecto RSRC

El aspecto innovador de este proyecto es que pretende formar y facilitar a los interesados en trabajar con una dada comunidad para que usen métodos y enfoques narrativos concretos, así como orientaciones y cursos que ayuden a las comunidades a hacer frente a las situaciones actuales y futuras. A nivel individual, la aplicación de estos métodos y enfoques persigue un cambio de actitud, un abandono de los discursos negativos y pesimistas (“Era mejor antes”, “Yo soy como soy”, “No puedo hacer eso”…) y no dejarse paralizar por el presente (“A pesar de que haga algo, nada va a cambiar”…), sino dejarse inspirar por historias que nos inviten a actuar (“Podría hacerlo, lo haré y funcionará”…). Es más fácil reproducir y contar historias pasadas que imaginar un futuro.

 

¿Qué queremos decir con “Comunidades Fuertes y Flexibles”?

 

Comunidad

Pensamos en “comunidad” en el más amplio sentido: ciudades, municipios, áreas rurales, instituciones educativas y sanitarias, organizaciones (tanto ONGs como negocios), organizaciones de voluntariado que trabajan con inmigrantes y tercera edad, etc. También pensamos en grupos con perspectivas comunes como el colectivo LGTB, desempleados mayores de 50 años, etc. Existen muchos más ejemplos que se adaptan a nuestro concepto de comunidad.

 

Fuerte

Bajo nuestro punto de vista, una comunidad es “fuerte” cuando sus miembros son capaces de cooperar y colaborar, cuando son capaces de desarrollar una misión y visión conjuntas, así como planificar una estrategia para avanzar, actuar consecuentemente y comprometerse con ello. Fuerte también significa tener una mentalidad abierta para aprender (del pasado y del presente) y mejorar en los pasos futuros.

 

Flexible

“Flexible” significa ser capaz de dar una respuesta efectiva a los discursos disruptivos, a la polarización y a los patrones de comportamiento negativos, tanto provenientes de dentro como de fuera de la comunidad. Flexible también quiere decir que la comunidad es capaz de adaptarse a nuevas situaciones, y que sus miembros pueden encargarse y solventar amenazas habituales como la pobreza, el desempleo, la inmigración, etc, a través de un diálogo constructivo. También implica que son conscientes y se sienten responsables de las actividades y funciones que les han sido asignadas, y que las llevan a cabo por el bien de la comunidad.

 

La diversidad como aspecto clave y revelador

Probablemente el aspecto más interesante del proyecto es que, durante su ejecución, lo socios han trabajado en casos concretos a nivel nacional, con trabajadores y educadores comunitarios y/o con las comunidades en las que actúan y con los miembros de las mismas. Dada la diversidad de los países participantes y de los enfoques aplicados, los socios del proyecto quieren transmitir que la diversidad no sólo se aplica a las culturas, sino también a las posibles aplicaciones y formas de aprovechar los resultados de éste. Lo que funciona en una comunidad y/o cultura, puede funcionar de manera diferente, o no funcionar, si se aplica a otra.  El proyecto RSRC y sus resultados servirán como orientación sobre los enfoques o métodos que se pueden experimentar y que pueden funcionar en el futuro.

 

La guía y el manual del proyecto

La mayoría de nosotros no somos expertos en “Storytelling” o en el trabajo con comunidades. No todos nuestros socios cuentan con una experiencia extensa o formación en estos aspectos. El objetivo de la guía y del manual es presentar diferentes posibilidades que te pueden ayudar a planificar, diseñar y comenzar un proyecto antes de recopilar las historias de los miembros de la comunidad y trabajar en ellas.

Por esta razón, hemos facilitado una base teórica, métodos y enfoques narrativos a nuestros socios al inicio del proyecto, y hemos añadido más información y conocimientos durante su progreso. El manual se ha escrito “a sí mismo” gracias a los avances de nuestros socios mientras trabajaban con las comunidades elegidas. En la etapa final, también hemos podido incluir las experiencias y sugerencias de todos los socios.

 

Descarga del manual: Un pdf descargable del manual completo estará disponible en la web del proyecto a finales de Octubre de 2016.

 

 

La guía: La teoría en la parte C

El manual está dividido en dos partes principales. Como muchos de los destinatarios de este manual no cuentan con demasiados conocimientos acerca de lo que las “historias” y los “enfoques narrativos” son, la parte C se destina a introducir al lector en estos temas. Esta parte teórica facilitará la “nutrición” y bases necesarias, que además serán complementadas con sugerencias de otras lecturas para profundizar.

Nuestra sugerencia es que prestes gran atención a esta parte, y que la uses como referencia en caso de que te surjan dudas. En el caso de que tengas experiencia en los contenidos de la C, te recomendamos que sólo leas los sumarios de esta parte, y pases directamente a la D.

 

La guía: El manual en la parte D

La sección D es la parte práctica y expone paso a paso los métodos y actividades que sirven para trabajar con las comunidades, inspirados en los enfoques narrativos expuestos en la parte C. Una gran parte de los mismos están basados en el enfoque “Participatory Narrative Inquiry” de Cynthia Kurtz, el enfoque en comunidades urbanas de Barbara Ganley y otros autores importantes en los campos de la narrativa terapéutica y del trabajo con historias en comunidades y organizaciones. La parte C te guiará en los siguientes pasos: definición de necesidades y oportunidades, evaluación y planificación, mapping y recopilación de historias existentes, elaboración de nuevas historias, estrategias, planes y acciones para comunicar y ejecutar en el futuro.

 

La matriz de Actividades

La matriz es una guía rápida para encontrar las actividades adecuadas a cada fase de un proyecto. Las actividades recopiladas de diferentes manuales y fuentes son las que mejor se adaptan al propósito de este proyecto. Pero hay muchos más métodos y actividades que no están incluidas en el manual. La mayor parte de las actividades incluidas en el manual han sido testeadas durante el proyecto, en diferentes contextos sociales y culturales. Las experiencias y resultados de estos testeos están también incluidas en este manual.

 

Los cursos

En el marco del Proyecto se han desarrollado dos cursos prácticos e intensivos de formación, de 5 días de duración, dirigidos a trabajadores comunitarios. Ambos se han basado en los enfoques y metodologías recogidas en el manual, en las experiencias de los socios y en las buenas prácticas surgidas durante el proyecto.

Storybag e InDialogue han testeado el contenido de los cursos durante los días internacionales de formación, en junio de 2016, y han recibido un entusiasta feedback de los participantes.

Los cursos estarán disponibles en Enero de 2017. Serán ofrecidos tanto en la web del proyecto como por los partners a nivel individual, así como via KA1 mobilities.

 

Los vídeos del proyecto

También podrás encontrar vídeos explicativos (todas las fases se explican con animaciones) y vídeos de las actividades de los partners en nuestro canal de Youtube.

 

 

Presentación Powerpoint

 

 

 

 

1st NATIONAL SEMINAR

13rth of April 2015-­04-­27 Cáceres

 

Report on the Workshop. Storytelling to create tourism products and experiences

 

1. CONTEXT

The workshop on storytelling took place on the ain. The aim of the event was twofold, on the one hand to inform the selected community about the project and the project's objectives and deliverables, and present the first Intellectual Output of the project (Manual) and test it with participants for feedback.

 

The structure of the manual consists of 4 main chapters:

  1. An introduction to the importance of storytelling and specifically community storytelling and the theories and methods that can be applied. The importance of storytelling for cohesion and collaboration.
  2. A guide to assessment of communities before story collecting, and story collecting approaches, including measuring methods, narrative techniques and exercises. Analysis of story collection and conclusions.
  3. A guide to story crafting approaches and story planning in communities, including narrative techniques and exercises. Framing, re-framing, planning dissemination (communication)
  4. A guide to story dissemination (communication), measuring effects (actions taken, results of actions), acquisition of feedback, maintaining and adjusting the story.

 

This national seminar should be seen as part of the seminars which will take place throughout the project lifetime in Spain. Due to the characteristics of the chosen community, seminars with a duration of full days (1 or more) are not adequate. The community consists mainly of involving entrepreneurs (including self-­‐employed) and SMEs, as well as other stakeholders in the field of tourism and related sectors (tourism associations and public bodies, including local authorities). For the first group of entrepreneurs and SMEs leaving their business unattended for a full or more days is not viable, and thus we opt for several shorter sessions, covering the same grounds as proposed in the project, to be able to mobilize a sufficient number of participants.

 

As stated the first sessions focused on presenting the project to the participants and get a first feedback on the manual and the methodologies proposed in it as well as identifying the community story for further work. Consecutive seminars will focus on more specific aspects of the Manual and will drill deeper into the work with the selected community and the identified story.

A total number of 15 persons participated, a total of 20 participants were confirmed, but 5 excused themselves in the last minute due to unexpected circumstances.

 

 

 

2. DESCRIPTION OF PARTICIPANTS AND COMMUNITES INVOLVED.

 

PROFILES and number of PARTICIPANTS

 

Description of the type of businesses and stakeholders that participated:

 

1. Entrepreneurs and SMEs (Cáceres area)

 

2. Entrepreneurs and SMEs (Gata area)

 

3. Professionals from University

 

4. Local public authority

 

 

 

 

3. CONTENTS PRESENTED IN THE WORKSHOP

The workshop followed the approach designed in the manual. Below a short overview of the content of the workshop.

  1. PURPOSE OF THE WORKSHOP: identify a story or stories to work with, the stakeholders that might help and support the participant´s projects, as well as possible reasons for the success or failure of these.
    The participants received information on the identified community and topic for the work in the project, i.e. myths and legends around water as a base for tourism development.
  2. MANUAL OF RS&RC PROJECT: characteristics, background and people involved in the elaboration. As well as the techniques used and their goals: storytelling techniques for a number of areas such as education, conflicts resolution, decision making, business, etc.
  3. WAYS TO AROUSE THE INTEREST FOR THE STORIES.
  4. STORIES STRUCTURE: the folktale structure, the Hero´s Journey and narrative.
  5. WORK IN GROUPS: exercises, time for discussing and brainstorming. (2 groups were formed).

 

4. STORIES AND COMMUNITIES INVOLVED

Although during the workshop the participants were encouraged to find their own stories, in case they hadn´t got any stories to work with, the bank of stories on myths and legends on water – gathered by the professionals from the Network Universities Readers for the European Project L´AQUA – was presented during the workshop.

In the initial activity, participants from the first group identified from 3 to 5 stories whose roots are unknown, in the second group, participants identified more stories, an average of 10 stories and all of them appear in books or are the result of a research.

After some time discussing about the issue and doing the exercises, participants formed new groups according to interest of each one:

 

 

5. CONCLUSIONS, WEAKNESSES AND STRENGTHS REGARDING THE POTENTIAL OF THE STORIES FOR TOURISM

Cáceres City, Trujillo and the area of Gata are located in the province of Cáceres, thus the tourism sector and profile of the stakeholders involved in both this sector and the projects of the participants are the same in every community. In consequence, all the participants were agree and identified the same conclusions, weaknesses and strengths.

 

CONCLUSIONS

 

WEAKNESSES AND RISKS

 

STRENGTHS AND OPPORTUNITIES

 

6. FEEDBACK REGARDING THE METHODOLOGY

All participants agreed that the RS&RC Project as well as the methodology proposed in the Manual and as presented to them during the seminar is very useful, and allowed them to gain insight in the way stories need to be constructed to create attractive experiences for tourism.

 

The questions posed and especially the use of the transactional walks as a way of mapping were seen as good guidelines and tools for further work in the groups. Participants indicated to want to continue to work both presential (through these types of seminars/workshops) as well as non-­‐presential (on-­‐line, through videoconferencing and email).

 

For the purpose of further work in the project, it was decided to take the Orellana myth as participants agreed it was more mature, and provided more opportunities for tourism products and services (with the capacity to cover a larger area than solely the city of Trujillo, and thus create a spill over to a larger community). Additionally the expressed support and active involvement of the City itself will allow for a greater mobilisation and impact on the local community and also a more sustainable result (as it will integrate the experience and offer in its own tourism strategy).

 

However this does not exclude the fact that other opportunities that came up during the activity will not be pursued and supported, however the initiative for this lies with each participant on an individual basis. CLUTUREX will support them actively, however focus for the work with the community in the RS&RC project lies with the Orellana story.

 

 

 

 

13th OF JANUARY, 2016 - Second national seminar

 

The second national seminar of RSRC project in Spain took place in Cáceres, on the 13th of January, 2016. The aim of this event was to continue working with the selected community on the creation of tourism experiences by using as base some tools of the RSRC manual.

The event is continuation of the first event and aimed to advance the work initiated in the first event

 

COMMUNITY AND OTHER PARTICIPANTS.

On this occasion, our local community was accompanied by several international stakeholders from the tourism sector who were participating in another European project coordinated by Cluturex, LAQUA, whose main purpose is to create tourism experiences by valorising all the myths and legends on water present in the project countries. As both local community and LAQUA project partners and stakeholders shared same goals, it was positive to gather them all in the same seminar, as they could exchange ideas and advices.

A total number of 22 participants, putting together local community and international stakeholders, were present in the seminar.

 

The community selected by Cluturex and working with the organization through the project seminar is comprised by: entrepreneurs in tourism sectors and other related, local authorities and university. A more detailed description about the local community can be found in the first national seminar report.

 

Regarding the international stakeholders, they present diverse profiles: SMEs and entrepreneurs from Hungary, Italy and Estonia, provincial authorities from Italy and business incubator from the Netherlands.

 

Objectives of the meeting

 

Tools tested were:

• collecting/harvesting

• transect walks

• mapping the community

• fine-tuning the activities

 

CONTENTS PRESENTED IN THE WORKSHOP

After putting into practice the collecting/harvesting (recollection of stories relevant for our community and purpose) during the first seminar, and also techniques on how to construct a story around a legend and Transect walks (to map the environment in which the story is placed); both local community and the organization chose the myth which would be the basis for solving the problem approached since the beginning of the works with the community: adding value to the intangible cultural heritage of the areas and, at the same, having a positive effect for the community.

 

Consequently, a video based on the myth of the Mansaborá (the story chose as base) was presented and used during this seminar so as to fine-tune the activities, and gear the story towards the creation of an experience.

 

MAIN RESULTS

Tools provided by RSRC manual and mentioned above served for participants to get more confidence among them, facilitating their collaboration and focusing their efforts towards one concrete result: first experience on the Mansaborá myth was shaped during the seminar. It consists on a full experience for city visitors provided by joint initiative of several local businesses, consisting on dissemination of stories, myths and legends through the old town of Cáceres, a complete spa therapy based on Arab techniques and the beauty of the princess staring the myth, as well as dinner plus stay in the old town of Cáceres.

 

Mansaborá experience is a good example on stories can be shaped by collaboration of a number of interest agents and turned into concrete services able to bring benefits for local communities and also for visitors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

21st of April, 2016

 

INTRODUCTION

The present report presents the progress and evolution on the work that CLUTUREX has developed with the community in the frame of RSRC project. The objective of this work is to test in real context some of the tools proposed by the RSRC manual with the selected community, in order to find out to what extend these can help to solve community's specific challenges and problems.

 

Taking into account CLUTUREX main field of work is tourism and its location is Cáceres, the chosen community in this case aligns with the organisation´s focus. The community consisted mainly of entrepreneurs and local small companies, and other stakeholders in the field of tourism and related sectors of the city of Cáceres.

 

The main expectations of the community were to learn how to use stories, myths, legends, tales, etc of this city in an attractive way and use narrative to build, in cooperation, different tourism products and experiences to bring development to the local economy and also providing a memorable experience for visitors.

 

Two national seminars on “Storytelling to create tourism products and experiences” have been held in this framework. Although CLUTUREX has worked mainly with the local community of Cáceres, both events were open to external stakeholders, once they manifested great interest in the seminars activities and had significant capacity to contribute and complement these with advice, new ideas, different points of view, etc. This open approach for the seminars was based on the conviction that the more variety the better results and synergies can be obtained from the activities.

 

COMMUNITY´s CHALLENGE AND APPROACH TO TAKE IT UP.

The main challenge for local SMEs was to add value to the intangible cultural heritage based on stories, tales, myths and legends on water of the area. The community was aware about its value and possibilities for economic development, but they were not able to find an effective way to translate these into added value tourism products and experiences. An additional challenge was related to the collaboration with each other to exploit the stories, and at the same time, share and disseminate it with a variety of interested parties (citizens, visitors, etc.).

 

This challenge was taken up by promoting those storytelling techniques and tools proposed by the RSRC manual that fit best with the community´s profile and the specific challenge identified: transect walks and storycrafting.

 

As result of debates and conclusions of the first seminar, the overall objective was clear for both: local community of Cáceres and external stakeholders from other areas. This objective, as all of them agreed, was to develop a narrative to create memorable experiences by using one chosen story or myth as base.

 

For the case of Cáceres, the chosen myth was “La Mansaborá” (Moor princess and legend of Las Veletas Palace). The rest of the external stakeholders were also given the right tools and support on how to implement the methodology used in the seminars in their particular areas, by gathering other stories through storycrafting and mapping the community through transect walks.

 

DESCRIPTION OF THE WORK AND METHODS USED WITH THE COMMUNITY IN THE TWO SEMINARS.

Due the profile of the chosen community (mainly entrepreneurs and other stakeholders involved in tourism- tourism associations and public bodies, including local authorities-) seminars with a duration of full days were avoided, and so activities were planned and structured in detail in advance to give dynamism to the seminars, which adopted the format of workshops. Short but focused (oriented to results) workshops fit better with the limited time available of these stakeholders and are able to mobilize a sufficient number of participants.

 

The first workshop took place in Cáceres (April, 2015), and started by presenting the RSRC project to the participants, as well as the objectives and different activities the work with the community was expected to achieve through the celebration of the two seminars. Different sections of the manual were presented by focusing on their potential to generate collaboration and mutual trust inside and outside the community.

 

The purpose of the workshop was to identify a common challenge, a story or stories to work with, the stakeholders that might help and support to take this challenge up (Participatory Community Network Mapping), as well as possible reasons for the success or failure of these.

 

After some debate, participants found a common point to work with: the necessity of valorising and promoting the intangible cultural heritage of the area by creating memorable experiences to be enjoyed by locals and visitors, and that would be able to bring benefits also for the local SMEs.

 

As for the choice of stories to work with, a set of stories relevant for the community and the purpose were identified by the participants (collecting/harvesting) and were complemented with an additional set of stories previously recollected (in collaboration with other stakeholders within the frame of LAQUA project). After an evaluation of the stories recollected and the ones provided by the L´AQUA a database of stories, myths, tales and legends around water, the participants decided which would be the stories to work with.

 

The initial set of stories with which the participants decided to work with are legends, and from the RSRC manual applied the description of legends, and used the methodologies to construct and craft a story around the selected legends, which would be turned into stories.

After this the participants identified the relevant stakeholders around the legends and stories (mapping the community), so as to identify the relevant players.

 

Once the common challenge and stories were selected, the method to execute the Community Network Mapping used in the session was “Transect Walks” due to its usefulness to map geographical areas and also tourism destinations; as well as its possibilities to identify other attractive sites surrounding the established scope.

 

By using transect walks method, participants started to identify other agents able to help and participate in the process, and as a result some of them were invited to attend the second seminar. Apart from relevant stakeholders present in the area where the community operates, participants also pointed out that international partners and stakeholders within the LAQUA project would bring relevant knowledge, examples and different views about the challenge identified, as they were working in their respective communities with stories and myths on water to build experiences, therefore sharing the same goals.

 

The RSRC second seminar in Spain took place the 13th of January, 2016 in Cáceres, as referred in the previous paragraph, international stakeholders of LAQUA project jointed the community to exchange ideas.

 

As challenge was clear and also the story to work with selected, this seminar was focused on working to create the experience by using different storytelling techniques and showing participants how to Fine-tune the activities, and gear the story towards the creation of an experience.

 

Apart from RSRC manual tools, seminar was focused on showing other tools in the field of storytelling but also in business and tourism field to promote the creation of the experiences by developing an active collaboration among their members:

 

Modern ones, involving the use of ITCs: The video of La Mansaborá was shown to the participants as main resource and base to structure and create the experiences, it was presented along with a brief action on how to disseminate it through social media.

 

 

Printscreens of the video

 

Traditional ones: the medieval minstrels “Cuenta Trovas del Cordel” (community members and actively involved in the two seminars) performed a dramatization of the Mansaborá myth and other folk tales of Extremadura, showing participants how a myth can be told in an attractive way and engage people by using storytelling techniques.

 

 

 

Minstrels performance

 

The concept of transmedia storytelling, or combination of several means- in our case video plus minstrels performance- to tell a story in an attractive way, letting users have an active role in the story, was presented to the participants due to its power to generate “viralization” of the stories among the targets and its usefulness in the field of tourism.

 

As mentioned above, these techniques were complemented with another tool, not reflected in the RSRC manual, but necessary to stimulate the cooperation among the community selected by CLUTUREX to work with, due to its professional profile. In this regard, product club concept and methodology was also presented, showing examples on how this can be applied in tourism to activate cultural heritage.

 

Once all the contents were presented community started working in using all the information given to create the first experience of La Mansaborá Myth.

 

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS

Tools provided by RSRC manual and mentioned above served for participants to get more confidence among them, facilitating their collaboration and focusing their efforts towards one concrete result: first experience on the Mansaborá myth was shaped during the second seminar, while first seminar helped several participants to have clear steps on how to implement their particular projects. The  manual helped to shape the story around the legend, to identify the relevant stakeholders and design the related tourism product and experience around the story crafted around the legend.

 

First experience on the Mansaborá consists on a full experience for city visitors provided by joint initiative of several local businesses, consisting on dissemination of stories, myths and legends through the old town of Cáceres guided by the minstrels, a complete spa therapy based on Arab techniques and the beauty of the princess staring the myth, as well as dinner plus stay in the old town of Cáceres. It is integrated in the LAQUA transnational route and counts on the video of La Mansaborá, which will help in raising visibility of the experience and share the story outside the community.

 

Mansaborá experience is a good example on how stories can be shaped and enriched by collaboration of a number of interest agents and turned into concrete services, as done in the L´AQUA project, which took a story, and aided with the RSRC manual turned it into a real tourism product/experience ready for the market (see Figure 5) and able to bring benefits for local communities and also for visitors.

 

CONTROL AND EVALUATION

At the end of the second seminar, participants were asked to fill in the questionnaire created to evaluate these events in the frame of the project.

Questionnaires had 18 respondents, and most of the participants (around 90%) were satisfied or very satisfied with all the items covered in the form. They thought the seminar was complete, as no one missed any topics, and that the information provided was enough before, during and after the event was enough. They also assessed very positively the speakers’ skills and their way to present the contents.

Logistics around the seminar celebration (place, time and catering) were also well valued by the participants.

About the follow-up and use of the things learned during the seminar, 17 out 18 though they were able to implement and take advantage of them in their activities and particular contexts and projects.

As for the insights, many of them pointed out the need of making real and use in real scenarios the lessons and outcomes provided during the seminar.

 

Full answers are gathered in ANNEX.